Royal Jelly is secreted from the glands in the heads of worker bees, and is fed to all bee larvae, whether they are destined to become drones (males), workers (sterile females), or queens (fertile females). After three days, the drone and worker larvae are no longer fed with Royal Jelly, but queen larvae continue to be fed this special substance throughout their development. It is harvested by by stimulating colonies with movable frame hives to produce queen bees.
Royal Jelly is collected from each individual queen cell (honeycomb) when the queen larvae are about four days old. It is collected from queen cells because these are the only cells in which large amounts are deposited; when Royal Jelly is fed to worker larvae, it is fed directly to them and they consume it as it is produced, while the cells of queen larvae are “stocked” with Royal Jelly much faster than the larvae can consume it. Therefore, only in queen cells is the harvest of royal jelly practical. A well-managed hive during a season of 5–6 months can produce approximately 500 g of royal jelly.
The overall composition of Royal Jelly is 67% water, 12.5% crude protein, including small amounts of many different amino acids, and 11% simple sugars (monosaccharides), also including a relatively high amount (5%) of fatty acids. It also contains many trace minerals, some enzymes, antibacterial and antibiotic components, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and trace amounts of vitamin C, but none of the fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E and K.
Royal Jelly is used as a dietary supplement for humans, and is said to produce various health benefits because of components such as B-complex vitamins.
It is also used as a component in some skin care and natural beauty products. In holistic healing and alternative medicine, Royal Jelly is believed to have anti-aging properties. Some alternative medicine practitioners attribute this to its amino acid content and broad spectrum of vitamins and minerals.
Royal Jelly of The Health Factory is:
- Packaged in light-resistant violet glass bottles to preserve the content against decay caused by light.